Eggplant is a popular vegetable and a good source of antioxidants. Attested Greek forms include ματιζάνιον (matizanion, eleventh-century), μελιντζάνα (melintzana, fourteenth-century), and μελιντζάνιον (melintzanion, seventeenth-century). [39] Eggplants also feature in several Japanese expression and proverbs, such as "Don't feed autumn eggplant to your wife" (秋茄子は嫁に食わすな, akinasu ha yomi ni kuwasuna) and "Always listen to your parents" (親の意見と茄子の花は千に一つも無駄はない, oya no iken to nasubi no hana ha sen ni hitotsu mo muda ha nai, literally: "not even one in a thousand of a parents' opinion or an eggplant flower are in vain"). [23] The Oxford English Dictionary records that between 1797 and 1888, the name vegetable egg was also used. [citation needed] Colors vary from white to yellow or green, as well as reddish-purple and dark purple. The skin of the fruit should look glossy and unwrinkled and have a uniform color. Eggplant, or aubergine as it’s known in the UK, is a member of the nightshade family, and is related to tomatoes and potatoes. Avoid storing eggplants with apples or tomatoes; ethylene (a natural plant hormone released in the form of a gas) given off by those fruits will cause eggplants to brown and decay. The Italian melanzana, through folk-etymology, was adapted to mela insana ('mad apple'): already by the thirteenth century, this name had given rise to a tradition that eggplants could cause insanity. If you choose to salt your eggplant, first slice or cube it, and then salt generously, allowing the fruit to sit in a colander for at least an hour, preferably longer. eggplant extract, eggplant fruit extract, eggplant, ext., extract of eggplant, extract of solanum melongena, solanum esculentum extract, solanum melongena (eggplant) fruit extract, solanum melongena extract, and solanum melongena fruit extract. Read: President-elect Joe Biden's full victory speech. Eggplant is for so much more than parmesan, although we do love this Healthy Eggplant Parmesan. Eggplant is a popular vegetable and a good source of antioxidants. Posted on October 8, 2012 by thevaliantwarrior (written October 8, 2012 at 3:07am) We nurtured some beliefs in our life to be true, seemingly harmless if known otherwise, but we still held on to be accurate, when in truth, it really is not. It bears a fruit of the same name, commonly used as a vegetable in cooking. In a dish from Maharashtra called bharli vangi, small brinjals are stuffed with ground coconut, peanuts, onions, tamarind, jaggery and masala spices, and then cooked in oil. It is native to the Indian subcontinent and grows in various colors like deep shiny purple, green, lavender, white, and yellow with a green cap in different sizes and shapes. When we say “eggplant,” you say…what? Many times, eggplants develop large flowers, only to have them drop off for no apparent reason. Botanically classified as a berry, the fruit contains numerous small, soft, edible seeds that taste bitter because they contain or are covered in nicotinoid alkaloids, like the related tobacco. [56], The color of purple skin cultivars is due to the anthocyanin nasunin. The cut surface of the flesh rapidly turns brown when the fruit is cut open. It remains in scientific use. Bt brinjal is a transgenic eggplant that contains a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis. [62] Cooking eggplant thoroughly seems to preclude reactions in some individuals, but at least one of the allergenic proteins survives the cooking process. It grows on a short bush where the berries sprout and hide beneath big leaves, hence the term “nightshade.” The answer is–Eggplant is a fruit and also categorized as a berry in botanical terms, as it contains small edible seeds. The eggplant (Solanum melongena) is in the nightshade family (Solanaceae). Growers typically cut fruits from the vine just above the calyx owing to the somewhat woody stems. Chinese cultivars are commonly shaped like a narrower, slightly pendulous cucumber. Use a dome or cloche to retain heat as well as humidity to encourage germination when eggplant seed planting indoors.. At optimal conditions, the growing eggplant seeds should germinate within seven days. The Hobson-Jobson dictionary comments that 'probably there is no word of the kind which has undergone such extraordinary variety of modifications, whilst retaining the same meaning, as this'.[26]. (Solanum melongena) Prepared as a culinary vegetable but really a fruit, eggplant is classified as a berry because it contains small, edible seeds. Why is my eggplant not fruiting? Here, learn about its potential health benefits and some ideas about how to prepare it. On the other hand, a vegetable is the part of the plant that includes leaves, roots, and stems. [31] This decision was deemed controversial, as it deviated from previous practices with other genetically modified crops in India. Eggplant requires a warm climate and has been cultivated in its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity. The Indic word vātiṅ-gaṇa was then borrowed into Persian as bādingān. The flowers and leaves can be poisonous if consumed in large quantities due to the presence of solanine. Raw eggplant can have a bitter taste, with an astringent quality, but it becomes tender when cooked and develops a rich, complex flavor. Eggplant grows 40 to 150 cm (1 ft 4 in to 4 ft 11 in) tall, with large, coarsely lobed leaves that are 10 to 20 cm (4 to 8 in) long and 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in) broad. [42][43], Chinese yúxiāng-qiézi (fish-fragrance eggplants), Korean dureup-gaji-jeon (pan-fried eggplants and angelica tree shoots), In the Philippines, eggplants are of the long and slender purple variety. The result is berenjena of Almagro, Ciudad Real. Traditional uses and benefits of African Eggplant. Eggplant (US), aubergine (UK), or brinjal (South Asia and South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae, Solanum melongena, grown for its often purple edible fruit. Eggplant is a fruit and not a vegetable as we commonly think of. Eggplant is a fruit. The flowers are white to purple in color, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens. Eggplant is used in the cuisines of many countries. Besides having a botanical identity crisis, they are also one of the fussiest produce in terms of harvest, handling and storage. A Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls for strips of roasted aubergine, sweet pepper, onion, and tomato. The French name was then borrowed into British English, appearing there first in the late eighteenth century. Use it in grilled, steamed, barbecue, or in stir-fry dishes or add it to stews like Greek moussaka and French ratatouilles. [33] Bt brinjal was approved for commercial cultivation in Bangladesh in 2013.[34]. The eggplant, aubergine, melongene, brinjal, or guinea squash (Solanum melongena) is a plant of the family Solanaceae (also known as the nightshades) and genus Solanum. Salted eggplant can sit purging for hours without harming the taste or texture. A mix of roasted eggplant, roasted red peppers, chopped onions, tomatoes, mushrooms, carrots, celery, and spices is called zacuscă in Romania, and ajvar or pinjur in the Balkans. If you are seeing berries (that's what eggplants technically are) it means the flowers were pollinated successfully. Culinarily, it's a vegetable, as it's used in main dishes and not eaten for sweetness. Larvae emerge from eggs and travel a short distance to bore into new shoots or fruits. The eggplant is a delicate, tropical perennial plant often cultivated as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates. On wild plants, the fruit is less than 3 cm (1 1⁄4 in) in diameter; in cultivated forms: 30 cm (12 in) or more in length are possible for long, narrow types or the large fat purple ones common to the West. The Arabic word bāḏinjān was borrowed into Greek by the eleventh century CE. Many Americans know the fruit better as an eggplant, while some regions of India refer to it as a brinjal.There are numerous other regional names for the aubergine, which plays a role in the cuisine of many nations. The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) is a serious eggplant pest in South and Southeast Asia. [15], Because of the plant's relationship with various other nightshades, the fruit was at one time believed to be extremely poisonous. From Greek, the word was borrowed into Italian and medieval Latin, and onwards into French. The plant and fruit have a profusion of English names. An example of it use is in the dish hasamiyaki (挟み焼き) in which slices of eggplant are grilled and filled with a meat stuffing. Eggplants are a good source of iron and copper, that aids in combating anemia, fatigue, migraine, and weakness. Eggplant is nutritionally low in macronutrient and micronutrient content, but the capability of the fruit to absorb oils and flavors into its flesh through cooking expands its use in the culinary arts. Flowers are complete, containing both female and male structures, and may be self- or cross-pollinated.[53]. If you cut the eggplant open, the seeds should be soft but formed. Also, they’re rich in potassium, manganese, phosphorus, vitamin C, K, and B and also have phytonutrients, including phenolic compounds, that make them bitter and turn eggplants brown in color after chopping. Even one of the following reasons can prevent your eggplants from producing fruit. One plant produces 4 to 6 large rounded fruit. Your eggplant may be dehydrated from lack of water, or the blossoms may not have been pollinated. Just like blueberries, tomatoes, and watermelon – eggplant is a berry, meaning the entire plant ovary wall ripens into the edible fruit. In 2018, world production of eggplants was 54 million tonnes, led by China with 63% of the total and India with 24% (table). The eggplant is regal, I imagine the eggplant being high society in the fruit world. Some common cultivars have fruit that is egg-shaped, glossy, and purple with white flesh and a spongy, "meaty" texture. They are often deep fried and made into dishes such as yúxiāng-qiézi ("fish fragrance eggplant")[38] or di sān xiān ("three earthen treasures"). For maximum production, remove the eggplant fruit before they are fully mature to allow additional fruit to develop. Snowy Eggplant – As the name implies, this is a white variety with a mild flavor and meaty texture. Semiwild types can grow much larger, to 225 cm (7 ft 5 in), with large leaves over 30 cm (12 in) long and 15 cm (6 in) broad. However, eggplant is eaten as a culinary vegetable. Similarly, H.C.F. Elsewhere in China, such as in Yunnan cuisine (in particular the cuisine of the Dai people) they are barbecued or roasted, then split and either eaten directly with garlic, chilli, oil and coriander, or the flesh is removed and pounded to a mash (typically with a wooden pestle and mortar) before being eaten with rice or other dishes. Contact dermatitis from eggplant leaves[60] and allergy to eggplant flower pollen[61] have also been reported. The name eggplant is usual in North American English and Australian English. In Japanese cuisine, eggplants are known as nasu or nasubi and use the same characters as Chinese (茄子). Several Reasons Why Eggplants Grow Blossoms but No Fruit. Botanically, eggplant is a berry, just like blueberries, watermelon, or tomatoes. Schuhmacher and Peter Thonning named the eggplant as S. edule, which is also a junior synonym of sticky nightshade (S. sisymbriifolium). Eggplant (US,[1] Australia,[2] New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK,[3] Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa)[4] is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Depending on the variety, pick your fruit when it’s between 4-6” long. Eggplants belong to the nightshade family of fruit, which also includes tomatoes, sweet peppers and potatoes. Eggplants are native to Asia and a member of the nightshade family, like tomatoes and peppers. Also, eggplants contain oxalates, but in a lesser amount than many other fruits and vegetables like spinach, taro, rhubarb, and kiwi fruit. It’s an annual plant with white or purple star-shaped flowers, usually rather large leaves, paddle-shaped and often coarsely lobed. You guys: Eggplant is a FRUIT. The dish has several variants, including rellenong talong which is stuffed with meat and vegetables. ‘Black Beauty’ is the traditional eggplant size. Other Names: Aubergine, Brinjal Eggplant, Melongena, Baingan, Apple-of-love, Ggully bean, Pea apple, Susumber, Terong, and Guinea Squash. They are a fruit, even though we generally think of them as a vegetable. The dish is characteristically served with the stalk attached. A few proteins and at least one secondary metabolite have been identified as potential allergens. [16], The eggplant has a special place in folklore. File eggplant into the category of most misunderstood vegetables (okay, technically it's a fruit). Most misunderstood vegetables ( okay, technically it 's a fruit and also categorized as a vegetable is the to... Of different size, shape, and contains the seeds inside are dark hard! Leucinodes orbonalis ) is in the older scientific literature under the junior synonyms S. ovigerum and S. trongum, about! 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That eggplant is a member of the nightshade family ( Solanaceae ) and 1888, the word was borrowed turn. Is Verticillium make it more nutritious, combine eggplant with other genetically modified in..., `` meaty '' texture English names season, environment of cultivation ( open field or greenhouse,... ) of the world, but is actually a fruit, even though we generally think of it a.