Conn's term in the House was one that provided help for Civil War veterans seeking assistance. 18 March 1930, Kansas City, Missouri, d. Elkhart, Indiana, 8 November 2012) who had served the company as an advertising manager during the 1960s. Copyright © 2021 Conn-Selmer, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Cornet is gold plating over brass. Conn's acoustic guitar business ended in 1978. Instruments by Isaac Fiske. Conn's upper lip was severely lacerated, and it pained him so to play his cornet that he thought his playing days were over. He decided to try adhering rubber stamp material to the rim of a mouthpiece which he hoped would conform to his lips. During the 1890s E.A. This cornet was made by C.G. However, it is possible to fit standard pads to any saxophone with rolled toneholes (and many people do) without any noticeable disadvantage regarding the quality of sound produced.[12]. Conn Ltd was combined with Slingerland Drum Company, Artley, Scherl & Roth, and several other musical instrument manufacturers and distributors to eventually form United Musical Instruments (UMI). The keywork was the most fully adjustable of any saxophone during that period. Lefebre started teaching saxophone at the Conservatory, which provided a boost to the availability of saxophone instruction and the following growth of saxophone sales into the twentieth century. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The feature was devised to allow the saxophone to be tuned while maintaining optimal volume in the chamber of the mouthpiece, thus avoiding disturbance to intonation. After he showed his friends his idea, he realized that there was tremendous demand for his invention. C.G. Brick-red 'Wonder' records were also pressed for the 'Double-Bell Wonder' talking machine by the Scranton Button Works from pirated Berliner masters. In the 80’s through a series of mergers, C.G. History of Makers Updates For Sale About Contact ... Conn Cornets. Cornets first appeared as separate instrumental parts in 19th-century French compositions. In 1942, the factory retooled to manufacture compasses, altimeters, and other items related to the war effort. In 1898, upon the suggestion of Sousa, Conn developed the first commercially successful bell-up sousaphone ("the rain-catcher"). Previous Severinsen trumpets were produced by. On 14 June 1861 he became a private in Company B, 15th Regiment Indiana Infantry, and shortly afterwards was assigned to a regimental band. Conn met Greenleaf during his years in Washington, D.C., and invested in some grain mills in Ohio which Greenleaf owned. Construction began 15 August 1910, and by the following 12 December it was fully operational. They continued manufacturing saxophones of the Vito design that were produced there, marketed as the Conn 50M and 60M alto and tenor saxophones, then moved the production of their 14M and 16M student alto and tenor saxophones to the facility in 1963. In 1915, Colonel Conn sold the C.G. Conn shifted their emphasis to the expanding market for school band instruments and to diversifying their instrument lines. CONN ELKHART IND. It appears to be a Cornet, rather than a trumpet. In 1930 the Pan American company was absorbed by Conn, but the Pan American brand for Conn's second-line instruments remained in use until 1955. This cornet features United States Patent #869619 granted to Ferdinand A. Buescher on October 29, 1907, for an “Improvement in Wind Musical Instruments,” specifically the manufacture and shape of the bell. In 1873, following a brawl in a bar which resulted in a split lip, C.G. By 1879, Conn moved operations into larger quarters and began making other instruments. Conn's company was a source of competitors as well as instruments. He founded a newspaper, the Elkhart Daily Truth, on 15 October 1889. In 1956, Conn sponsored a film to promote school bands entitled Mr. B Natural. Horn has been chemicaly cleaned and is in good mechanical condition. Les Arbuckle of report that the microtuner necks lend a different sound quality from those without one. Conn they elected him as their Mayor. Conn History (1968-1990) Cornet cases. The company was founded by Charles Gerard Conn (b. Phelps, New York 29 January 1844; d. Los Angeles, California 5 January 1931). Selmer (Paris) introduced the American-sounding "New Largebore" model in 1929 and the new Julius Keilwerth Company in Czechoslovakia produced saxophones influenced by the Conn design, including rolled tone holes and microtuners. In 1990 UMI was sold to Bernhard Muskantor, one of the Skåne Gripen partners. 1938-39 Conn Musical Truth School Band News Edition. This cornet is accessioned with an original case and mouthpiece. Colonel Conn meanwhile was allowed to keep his home in Los Angeles, California. Sometime later he disposed of the paper. Haynes in 1914) eliminating the necessity of soft-soldering tone hole platforms onto the bodies of the instruments. Standing to the left in the back of the room looks to be Conn's famous engraver Julius Stenberg. Also in 1983, Henkin acquired King Musical Instruments of Eastlake, Ohio from the defunct Seeburg Corporation's creditors. Continental Band Instruments Flyer 1938. Index of pages The Full Cornet Model List This is my attempt at a complete Conn cornet model numbers index, including the missing first page and some corrections to the other pages. Find great deals on eBay for conn cornets. Conn divested itself of Leedy and Ludwig in 1955, Carl Fischer retail in 1959, and New Berlin Instrument in 1961. In 1928 he founded a Conn National School of Music which trained hundreds of school band directors, and this in turn helped spur the development of music programs in schools and communities across the United States. In 1985 Henkin was seeking a buyer for his companies, first selling the Conn Strobotuner division to Peterson Electro-Musical Products. The 12M baritone was the first saxophone with both bell keys on the right side, followed by the King Voll-True II (1932) and Selmer Balanced Action (1936). Since the first American cornet in 1875, C.G. Conn 26A "Director"(309,8XX) Most people don't know that prior to World War 2, the Director cornet was actually a pro model which cost the same as the famed 80A Victor. [6] In winter 1946-47, production was again interrupted, by a 15-week labor strike. Rim impressions from Res-o-Pads are minimal and unlike standard pads they cannot be "floated" in. Free shipping on selected items. Greenleaf expanded and upgraded the Conn plant to increase production and developed new lines of wind instruments to sell. Distin Cornets and Alto. These are the Conn model numbers ending with the letter "A". Print; Object Details C. G. Conn Ltd. Conn B-Flat/A Cornet. Conn, Ltd., 1915-1949, The Paul Gazlay - Lee Greenleaf era, 1949-1969. Conn Ltd. was sold under bankruptcy to the Crowell-Collier MacMillan Company. Fiske's operation was considered to be the best in its time. Conn Ltd., sometimes called Conn Instruments or commonly just Conn, is a former American manufacturer of musical instruments incorporated in 1915. UMI closed the Conn Brasswind facility in Abilene, Texas (1986), moving brass instrument production to the King plant in Eastlake. "A History of Band Instrument Manufacturing in Elkhart, Indiana." His career grew far beyond the confines of horn making. Cornets by Heald and Hutchins "Conic Acoustic Cornet" by George McFadden "Open Tone Cornet" by Z. Albert Meredith. [10][11] Conn Res-O-Pads have an internal metal reinforcing ring which is hidden under the leather covering around the circumference of the pad. National Museum of American History. CyberSax Tech Topics . By 1879, Conn moved operations into larger quarters and began making other instruments. (4) Conn initially worked out of small shop at 22 Jackson Street (above Kibbe's drug store), then moved to upper floor of a woolen mill in 1875. In 1969 C.G. About this time Conn met Eugene Victor Baptiste Dupont (b. Paris ?May 1832; d. Washington, D.C. 26 July 1881), a brass instrument maker and designer and a former employee of Henry Distin of London. Banks, 1 (B00417). By 1917 the assembly-line work force had increased to 550 employees who were turning out about 2500 instruments a month using a new hydraulic expansion process which Greenleaf introduced to the plant. 1955 Conn 80A Victor Long Cornet Made in USA Closet Classic 6A Original Conn Victor 80A Long Cornet. Conn New Wonder 80A Bb/A cornet, 1926 . This page contains information relevant to Conn Cornets. Charles Gerard Conn was the patriarch of musical instrument manufacturing in Elkhart, Indiana. The device adjusts the length of the neck, controlled by a threaded barrel near the mouthpiece end. Two years later he was re-nominated, but declined the nomination unless the party permitted him to make the canvass on a "reformed" platform. By 1893 his instruments were awarded the highest honors in the World’s Columbia Exposition in Chicago. Production of other wind instruments remained in Elkhart. . In 2002, UMI merged with the Selmer Company to form Conn-Selmer, Inc. and later in 2004 merged with G. Leblanc Corporation. Brasswind manufacturing moved to Abilene Texas and woodwind production was moved from Nogales, Arizona to Nogales, Mexico. There are three existing stories of how this occurred, but the popularly accepted version is that Del Crampton slugged him in the mouth outside a saloon where both of them had been drinking. When his enlistment expired he returned to Elkhart, but re-enlisted on 12 December 1863 at Niles, Michigan in Company G, 1st Michigan Sharpshooters. 's son Leland Burleigh Greenleaf (Wauseon, Ohio, 12 August 1904 – Leland, Michigan, 29 March 1978). Conn in Elkhart, Indiana in 1901. Under Greenleaf's leadership the company converted distribution from mail-order to retail dealers and expanded its product line through acquisitions. Circular Pocket Cornet by Metzler & Co. Howard Reynolds' Schuster & Co. Cornet. Music Educators Journal, November–December 1945, 49. It is engraved: NEW YORK WONDER MADE BY C.G. Muskantor, with family roots in the musical instrument business, desired a return of the Conn name to respectability but its arrangement with Keilwerth had recently fallen apart and the increasingly tough market with new low-cost Asian competitors kept Conn's position marginal. Conn phased out the Worcester operation (production was ceased in 1898), and Conn established a store in New York City (1897–1902) that sold a large variety of merchandise under the 'Wonder' label, including Conn-made woodwind, brass and percussion instruments, violins, mandolins and portable reed organs. 1936 C.G. Master's Thesis, Butler University, 1953. Conn patented his rubber-rimmed mouthpiece in 1875 (with patents to follow through 1877) described as "an elastic face [i.e., a rubber rim] where the mouthpiece comes in contact with the lips, the object being to prevent fatigue and injury to the lips." Virtually all cornets have three valves of the piston type. Conn founded the Continental Music retail subsidiary in 1923. To shore up the future market for band instruments, he undertook to promote band programs in schools and colleges. Shop eBay for great deals on Conn Vintage Cornets. Conn was induced to stay after the public raised a large sum of money by popular subscription and gave it to him. A Brief History of the Conn Company (1874-present), Margaret Downie Banks, Ph.D., Senior Curator of Musical Instruments, National Music Museum, Vermillion, South Dakota, The Conn Loyalist - About Conn Brass Instruments from the days when the C.G. Conn “Perfected Wonderphone” long model Bb/A cornet, 1909 . Colonel Conn also had a love affair with publishing. (4) Conn initially worked out of small shop at 22 Jackson Street (above Kibbe's drug store), then moved to upper floor of a woolen mill in 1875. Margaret Downie Banks argues that during the time in which Conn was playing the cornet for the Haverly Minstrels, he accosted someone, who then punched Conn in the mouth. The sale was detrimental to Colonel Conn's marriage. In 1958, Lee Greenleaf succeeded Gazlay as company President. Priorities changed under Gazlay, with the high quality wind instruments on which the company had built its reputation becoming an increasingly marginal interest. Conn Military Bb/A low pitch trumpet, 1918 Colonel Conn was a colorful personality of the show biz sort. Cornets. . Armstrong Company, a manufacturer of flutes and marketer of H. Couf branded saxophones made by the Julius Keilwerth company of West Germany. As a 21 year old Civil War veteran, Conn invented a brass mouthpiece in 1874 for which patents were soon granted. Conn's money problems stemmed partly from failed ventures like his entry into the utilities business, the building of his third factory, and its loss to fire, and his loss of a costly lawsuit filed against him by a former company manager. The assets of UMI were bought by Steinway Musical Instruments in 2000 and in January 2003 were merged with other Steinway properties into a subsidiary called Conn-Selmer. The 28M saxophone was discontinued after 1952 and cost-cutting measures were incorporated into the manufacturing process and designs of Conn's 6M, 10M, and 12M "Artist" series saxophones. In 1875, a French instrument maker named Dupont began repairing instruments in Conn’s shop. In 1884 Conn organized the 1st Regiment of Artillery in the Indiana Legion and became its first Colonel, a military title which stayed with him throughout the remainder of his life. In 1892 he was elected to the United States Congress as Representative of the 13th District of Indiana. Conn’s first and life-long avocation, the military. Little is known about his early life, other than that he learned to play the cornet. Conn also continued on a series of “firsts”, building the first American made saxophone and the first sousaphone, built to John Philip Sousa’s specifications. In 1886 rumors began to circulate that Conn wanted to move his business to Massachusetts. Banks, 1 (B00417). The business also distributed American-made and imported guitars, banjos and zithers. In 1928, he supported the National Music Camp located in Interlochen, Michigan. Cornets have many applications both in traditional music and modern performance. A precipitous drop in product quality followed those moves, initiated as cost-cutting measures by executives not familiar with instrument production, and destroyed whatever was left of Conn's reputation in the wind instrument market. Privacy Policy. There is a quick-change slide to put the horn in the key of A (missing stop nut, and rod has been resoldered). Newly produced Conn Res-o-Pads are still available from specialist suppliers and are favored by some saxophone collectors because they give a fully authentic look and feel to vintage saxophones with rolled toneholes e.g. Conn developed a brass mouthpiece with a rubber rim. The main tube has a conical bore, gradually tapering from the leadpipe to the bell. Carl Greenleaf was president of Conn from 1915 to 1949. In 1970, Conn sold its Elkhart factory, located at 500 Industrial Parkway, to the Selmer Company. He proceeded to develop a close relationship and communications between the industry and music educators. Under Greenleaf's saxophone specialists Allen Loomis and Hugh Loney, Conn's research and development resulted in the designs of the 6M alto (1931), 10M tenor (1934), and 12M baritone (1930). [citation needed] Conn introduced the modernized 7M alto saxophone; it soon acquired the same reputation for poor quality as the other "MexiConns," sold poorly, and was discontinued. By the late 1960s, their student line instruments were in competitive decline for similar reasons. In that same year, Colonel Conn would build the first American made cornet. However by the 1830s, Parisian makers were using piston valves. Vintage Conn 18A Director Cornet COPRION BELL (early model) ser# 506xxx made in 1955 Elkhart IN. With the outbreak of the American Civil War he enlisted in the army on 18 May 1861 at the age of seventeen, despite his parents' protests. The company introduced a student line of oboes and bassoons under the Artley brand in 1983. At the age of nineteen on 8 August 1863 he was elevated to the rank of Captain. 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